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Birth Control for Men and Women and where to get it

Use Condoms Every Time to Protect Against STI’s

The Condom (for men)

variety of condoms

What is it?

  • A tube of latex rubber worn over the erect penis

How does it work?

  • It catches semen which contain sperm

Where can you get it?

  • Drug stores, clinics and some supermarkets

The Condom (for women)

What is it?

sample of a female condom

  • A plastic pouch worn inside the vagina

How does it work?

  • A woman inserts it before intercourse
  • Catches semen

Where can you get it?

  • Drug stores and some clinics

The Pill (oral contraceptive)

variety of birth control pills

What is it?

  • Pills that contain hormones a woman takes for either 21 or 28 days to prevent pregnancy

How does it work?

  • Contains hormones that stop the egg from being released every month
  • Makes cervical mucus thicker to stop sperm from getting into the uterus

Where can we get it?

  • A woman gets a prescription from her doctor or a clinic
  • The pill does not protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections. Use condoms every time.

Evra (“The Patch”)

Evra brand of the patch

What is it?

  • A birth control patch you wear on your body
  • Evra is applied once a week for 3 weeks then no patch on week 4
  • Works just like the pill

Where can you get it?

  • You get a prescription from your doctor or the sexual health clinic

Spermicides (sponge, foam, gel, contraceptive film)

Tube of spermicide

What is it?

  • Sperm-killing chemicals, usually nonxynol 9

How does it work?

  • Placed in vagina before intercourse
  • Spermicide is released which kills sperm

Where can you get it?

  • Drug store, clinics
  • Spermicides do not protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections. Use condoms every time.

Depo-Provera

A depo needle

What is it?

  • A hormone injection given every three months

How does it work?

  • Hormone makes cervical mucus thicker
  • May stop eggs from leaving the ovary

Where can you get it?

  • From doctors and some clinics
  • Depo-Provera does not protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections. Use condoms every time.

Intra Uterine Device (IUD) – 2 types Nova T and Mirena

sample of what an IUD looks like

What is it?

  • A small piece of plastic placed in the uterus
  • Stays inside the uterus up to 5 years

How does it work?

  • Stops sperm from reaching the egg
  • Changes the lining of the uterus so a woman will not get pregnant
  • Mirena releases hormones to thicken cervical mucous and the lining of the uterus

Where can you get it?

  • From some doctors and some clinics
  • The IUD does not protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections. Use condoms every time.

Fertility Awareness Method

What is it?

A combination of natural methods of birth control.

How does it work?

  • A woman keeps a record of her menstrual cycle
  • She looks for signs that she is close to ovulation (releasing an egg)
  • She and her partner do not have sex around the time of ovulation

The Fertility Awareness Method can be used to make other methods more effective because the woman knows when she is fertile and can use a second method, e.g., condoms

Where can you get it?

  • A woman can take a course to learn how to use this method effectively.
  • Fertility Awareness Method does not protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections. Use condoms every time.

Nuva Ring

Nuva Ring packages

What is it?

  • A birth control ring you insert into the vagina and is left there for 3 weeks releasing hormones.
  • After 3 weeks it is taken out for 7 days and then a new one is put into place.
  • Works just like the pill.
  • Nuva Ring does not protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections. Use condoms every time.

Lactational Amennorhea Method

If you are breastfeeding, please refer to the “Lactational Amennorhea Method” birth control factsheet.

Emergency Birth Control – Plan B

box of Plan B Sometimes you need an emergency method of birth control if you have intercourse without any birth control, if a condom breaks, or if you are forced to have sex.

Emergency Contraceptive Pills can be taken within five (120 hours) of unprotected intercourse. They are available from most doctors, hospital Emergency Departments, Walk-in Clinics and at the Health Unit.

Plan B is a one dose ECP method and is available at the Health Unit.

HOTLINES & CLINICS

  • AIDS – Sexual Health InfoLine
    1-800-688-2437
    (416) 392-2437
  • Facts of Life Line
    (24 hour taped message)
    1-800-463-6739
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Youth Line
    1-800-268-YOUTH
    3 p.m. – 11 p.m.
    7 days per week

SEXUAL HEALTH SERVICES

Confidential – All Ages

Haldimand-Norfolk Health Unit
Mon-Fri. 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Simcoe: 519-426-6170
Caledonia: 905-318-6623
Email: info@hnhu.org

For more information, contact a public health nurse in the Sexual Health program at the Haldimand-Norfolk Health Unit.

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